About California Department of Corrections and Rehabilitation
The California Department of Corrections and Rehabilitation (CDCR) was formed on July 3, 1977. The then California Governor Jerry Brown signed the Community Corrections Act of 1977 to consolidate responsibility for adult offender rehabilitation and parole supervision from four state agencies into one department. These four agencies were: the Department of Corrections, the Youth Authority, the Division of Adult Parole Operations, and the Division of Juvenile Probation.
Currently, the California Department of Corrections and Rehabilitation (CDCR) is responsible for overseeing inmates' safety, security, rehabilitation, treatment, and care within state-operated correctional facilities. This responsibility also includes parolees in the community who are under CDCR's Division of Adult Parole Operations (DAPO).
The department operates 33 adult prisons, eight juvenile facilities, and about 13 community correctional centers. In addition, it has a medical facility for inmates requiring specialized care. It also runs the California Rehabilitation Center (CRC), a mental health facility located in Norco.
CDCR's headquarters are located in Sacramento.
Facilities under the Department of Corrections and Rehabilitation
The CDCR's responsibility is to run all state prisons, supervise various community correctional facilities and camps, and monitor all parolees throughout their reintegration process. Currently, CDCR has over 160,000 adult inmates and parolees and over 3000 juveniles under its jurisdiction. As such, this data means that the CDCR is the most populous of any state-run prison system in the US.
Initial inmate classification at any CDCR facility is on the basis of the offender's crime. As a result, each facility is built to hold a particular level of convicts, from Level I through Level IV. The levels denote the offender's risk such that the higher the level, the greater the danger the inmate presents. Furthermore, a number of the facilities have security housing units, receiving centers, and/or "condemned" areas.
The Department of Corrections and Rehabilitation Peace Officers
The Correctional Officers and Parole Agents in California have a primary role in promoting peace and safety in correctional facilities and state medical institutions. The officers are also responsible for monitoring and supervising parolees who have been reintegrated into the community. These requirements are per the California Statutes, specifically Penal Code Section 830.5.
Inmate Health Care Services
The Division of Correctional Health Care Services is responsible for providing healthcare to inmates. This Division delivers high-quality health care to the prisoners while in incarceration. It does so in a timely, effective and efficient manner.
This Division, together with the California Department of State Hospitals (DSH), entered into a Master Agreement in 2016. The agreement's purpose was to partner in operating the delivery of healthcare services to inmates in state prisons and DSH hospitals. As a result, CCHCS has assumed responsibility for providing direct medical care to inmates in state prisons. The main focus facility for this treatment partnership was the California Rehabilitation Center (CRC).
CRC's inmate population consists of inmates with multiple medical conditions who require complex care and oversight. The facility offers over 60 specialty clinics daily, six operating rooms, an ambulatory surgery center, diagnostic imaging equipment including a CT scanner, a digital mammography machine, and a 3 Tesla MRI.
Inmates requiring mental health services also receive care at CRC. There are two medical units:
- The Acute Mental Health Unit which consists of an intensive observation unit.
- A psychiatric inpatient unit that meets all requirements for a "modified therapeutic-level program."
There are also 28 General Mental Health beds for effective mental health aid.
Process of Access to Medical Care for the General Inmate Population
Every facility within the California DOC has a medical practitioner to attend to the health needs of the inmates. All prisoners who remain in custody while sick go initially to the prison's infirmary. Inmates who need more specialized care, such as surgery, are referred to outside medical providers through contracts with hospital systems in California.
The CDCR provides for the emergency health care needs of the inmates. Any individual in need of such assistance must inform any staff member accessible at the time. The staff member has the responsibility of contacting the physician to attend to the inmate's needs. The medical practitioner will perform first aid on the inmate and conduct further assessments to determine the need for advanced health assistance.
Physical Fitness Training Program
This program aims to assess and test the preparedness of a prisoner, mentally and physically. The results of the tests determine an inmate's admission into:
- Department of Forestry and Fire Protection Training Program.
- California State Conservation Camp. Here, inmates have roles such as firefighting and attendants for emergency transport vehicles.
Furthermore, prisoners must have a current medical clearance allowing them to participate in emergency firefighting exercises. Inmates with this medical clearance must also have a Minimum B custody classification for transfer approval to any CDCR facility that offers the program. A Recreation and Physical Education Teacher is responsible for managing and conducting this program. He/she allocates all training hours and notifies the relevant supervisor when a participant fails to show up for the training.
Inmates are instrumental people in the prison setting with the proper training. The CDCR requires that the process for choosing the aides must be based on:
- Their connections with other convicts.
- Past job experience.
- Attitude toward staff.
- Willingness to serve.
These aides undertake the following duties:
- Supply clerks, by providing program supplies under personnel supervision.
- Activity leaders, who conduct activities such as officiating at sporting events.
- Equipment record keeping. Such an aide is usually under monitoring.
- Partaking in preparing and sending authorized suppliers within the facility.
- Equipment cleaning.
California DOC Role in Inmate Rehabilitation Process
CDCR's Division of Rehabilitation operates several rehabilitation programs outside prison walls. These programs provide inmates with vocational training, occupational skills, and therapy during incarceration. Additionally, they help them transition back into society upon release from prison. CDCR also has Adult Basic Education (ABE) programs, which are educational programs for inmates who are not reading at the 8th-grade level.
Additionally, CDCR offers substance abuse treatment, mental health treatment, and ongoing support services in addition to overseeing inmate work furlough programs.
Furthermore, the department contracts with three private California corporations that provide medical and mental health care to inmate patients whose conditions are not severe. On the other hand, inmates in acute need of medical or mental health intervention are treated at one of the department's prison hospitals.
California State Prisoner Lookup Process
The California Department of Corrections and Rehabilitation (CDCR) offender Locator is a tool that provides information about current and former adult inmates incarcerated in CDCR institutions since 1985. The inmate search process involves visiting the DOC offender locator site which allows people to search for inmates by the following:
- First Name
- Last Name
- CDCR Code
An Advanced Search option also provides more search criteria to help narrow the search results. Afterward, the searcher must click on the "Search for Inmate" command, which will list down inmates matching the provided details. Ideally, the DOC inmate search offers a variety of details about an inmate, including their age, incarceration facility, and parole eligibility status.
CDCR Sex Offender Search
The Megan's Law website enables law enforcement agencies, victims, corrections staff, and the general public to obtain information about registered sex offenders. This system aims to be a more efficient way for law enforcement agencies to conduct herculean background checks per Megan's Law. The goal of the website is to keep track of the offender's whereabouts while protecting the community from sexually violent predators.
The material on this website is derived from the California Sex and Arson Registry (CSAR). It is the responsibility of local law enforcement agencies to provide the registry with an update of this information.
The Sex Offender Search Process
The website allows individuals to locate offenders using the name option or the geographical option. Individuals can use the offender's first or last name, or both. The geographical search has a street name field, street number, city, and zip code options. Searchers can further narrow down the results using the radius option by 1 mile to 75 miles.
Not all sex offenders are available on the website per Penal Code § 290.46.